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HelloWorld论坛 : > 计算机科学、技术、教学> 电脑应用> linux系统> Ubuntu安装虚拟机工具(VMware Tool)详解
 
 
 
 
类别:linux 阅读:2599 评论:1 时间:三月 17, 2012, 3:30 p.m. 关键字:

 

  来源:http://429006.com/article/Technology/1590.htm

在VMware下安装Ubuntu,那么必须安装VMware-tools,才能获得更好的体验,包括屏幕分辨率、声音、和windows共享剪贴板等等。

1、点击VMware菜单的-VM-Install VMware Tools

这时,在Ubuntu下会自动加载Linux版的VMware Tools的安装光盘镜像。你会看到虚拟机的桌面上出现了一个名为VMware Tools的光盘图标,并且被自动打开。


  其中包括VMwareTools-xxx-i386.rpm和VMwareTools- xxx.tar.gz两个文件。

如果你双击那个 rpm 文件,会提示说不支持的软件包,因为 rpm 是为 RedHat 准备的安装包,我们需要的是 .tar.gz 那个。

2、把 .tar.gz 文件拷贝而到桌面,右键菜单-解压缩到此处。会自动解压为一个 vmware-tools-distrib 目录。

打开终端(系统的应用程序菜单-附件-终端)


3、然后在终端里面执行以下命令行:

$ cd Desktop(要是中文的就是 $ cd 桌面)
$ cd vmware-tools-distrib

$ sudo ./vmware-install.pl

4、回车之后提示输入管理员密码,然后一路确认回车后(相当于在Windows里安装软件时所填答的诸多对话框,我们这里均采用缺省设置),直到最后出现“Enjoy——the VMware team”的字样后,VMwareTools终于安装完成了。

过程如下:
Creating a new VMware Tools installer database using the tar4 format. 

Installing VMware Tools. 

In which directory do you want to install the binary files? 
[/usr/bin] y 

The path "y" is a relative path. Please enter an absolute path. 

In which directory do you want to install the binary files? 
[/usr/bin] y 

The path "y" is a relative path. Please enter an absolute path. 

In which directory do you want to install the binary files? 
[/usr/bin] y 

The path "y" is a relative path. Please enter an absolute path. 

In which directory do you want to install the binary files? 
[/usr/bin] y 

The path "y" is a relative path. Please enter an absolute path. 

In which directory do you want to install the binary files? 
[/usr/bin] y 

The path "y" is a relative path. Please enter an absolute path. 

In which directory do you want to install the binary files? 
[/usr/bin] y 

The path "y" is a relative path. Please enter an absolute path. 

In which directory do you want to install the binary files? 
[/usr/bin] y 

The path "y" is a relative path. Please enter an absolute path. 

In which directory do you want to install the binary files? 
[/usr/bin] 

What is the directory that contains the init directories (rc0.d/ to rc6.d/)? 
[/etc] 

What is the directory that contains the init scripts? 
[/etc/init.d] 

In which directory do you want to install the daemon files? 
[/usr/sbin] 

In which directory do you want to install the library files? 
[/usr/lib/vmware-tools] 

The path "/usr/lib/vmware-tools" does not exist currently. This program is 
going to create it, including needed parent directories. Is this what you want? 
[yes] 

In which directory do you want to install the documentation files? 
[/usr/share/doc/vmware-tools] 

The path "/usr/share/doc/vmware-tools" does not exist currently. This program 
is going to create it, including needed parent directories. Is this what you 
want? [yes] 

The installation of VMware Tools 6.5.0 build-118166 for Linux completed 
successfully. You can decide to remove this software from your system at any 
time by invoking the following command: "/usr/bin/vmware-uninstall-tools.pl". 

Before running VMware Tools for the first time, you need to configure it by 
invoking the following command: "/usr/bin/vmware-config-tools.pl". Do you want 
this program to invoke the command for you now? [yes] 


Stopping VMware Tools services in the virtual machine: 
Guest operating system daemon: done 
Virtual Printing daemon: done 
The bld-2.6.24-16-i386generic-Ubuntu8.04 - vmmemctl module loads perfectly into 
the running kernel. 

The bld-2.6.24-16-i386generic-Ubuntu8.04 - vmhgfs module loads perfectly into 
the running kernel. 

The bld-2.6.24-16-i386generic-Ubuntu8.04 - vmxnet module loads perfectly into 
the running kernel. 

update-initramfs: Generating /boot/initrd.img-2.6.24-16-generic 
The bld-2.6.24-16-i386generic-Ubuntu8.04 - vmblock module loads perfectly into 
the running kernel. 

[EXPERIMENTAL] The VMware FileSystem Sync Driver (vmsync) is a new feature that 
creates backups of virtual machines. Please refer to the VMware Knowledge Base 
for more details on this capability. Do you wish to enable this feature? 
[no] yes 

The bld-2.6.24-16-i386generic-Ubuntu8.04 - vmsync module loads perfectly into 
the running kernel. 

The bld-2.6.24-16-i386generic-Ubuntu8.04 - vmci module loads perfectly into the 
running kernel. 

The bld-2.6.24-16-i386generic-Ubuntu8.04 - vsock module loads perfectly into 
the running kernel. 

Detected X.org version 7.3.0. 


Please choose one of the following display sizes that X will start with (1 - 
29): 

[1] "320x200" 
[2] "320x240" 
[3] "400x300" 
[4] "512x384" 
[5] "640x400" 
[6] "640x480" 
[7] "720x480" 
[8] "800x480" 
[9] "854x480" 
[10]< "720x576" 
[11] "800x600" 
[12] "1024x768" 
[13] "1280x720" 
[14] "1280x768" 
[15] "1152x864" 
[16] "1280x800" 
[17] "1366x768" 
[18] "1280x960" 
[19] "1440x900" 
[20] "1280x1024" 
[21] "1400x1050" 
[22] "1680x1050" 
[23] "1600x1200" 
[24] "1920x1080" 
[25] "1920x1200" 
[26] "1920x1440" 
[27] "2048x1536" 
[28] "2560x1600" 
[29] "2560x1920" 
Please enter a number between 1 and 29: 

[10] 11 


This is a pre-release version of the X server from The X.Org Foundation. 
It is not supported in any way. 
Bugs may be filed in the bugzilla at http://bugs.freedesktop.org/. 
Select the "xorg" product for bugs you find in this release. 
Before reporting bugs in pre-release versions please check the 
latest version in the X.Org Foundation git repository. 
See http://wiki.x.org/wiki/GitPage for git access instructions. 

X.Org X Server 1.4.0.90 
Release Date: 5 September 2007 
X Protocol Version 11, Revision 0 
Build Operating System: Linux Ubuntu (xorg-server 2:1.4.1~git20080131-1ubuntu9) 
Current Operating System: Linux jim-desktop 2.6.24-16-generic #1 SMP Thu Apr 10 13:23:42 UTC 2008 i686 
Build Date: 15 April 2008 05:26:17PM 

Before reporting problems, check http://wiki.x.org to make sure that you have the latest version. 
Module Loader present 
Markers: (--) probed, (**) from config file, (==) default setting, 
(++) from command line, (!!) notice, (II) informational, 
(WW) warning, (EE) error, (NI) not implemented, (??) unknown. 
(++) Log file: "/tmp/vmware-config0/XF86ConfigLog.6478", Time: Fri Sep 26 18:16:38 2008 
(++) Using config file: "/tmp/vmware-config0/XF86Config.6478" 
(II) Module "ramdac" already built-in 

X is running fine with the new config file. 

expected keysym, got XF86KbdLightOnOff: line 70 of pc 
expected keysym, got XF86KbdBrightnessDown: line 71 of pc 
expected keysym, got XF86KbdBrightnessUp: line 72 of pc 
expected keysym, got XF86KbdLightOnOff: line 70 of pc 
expected keysym, got XF86KbdBrightnessDown: line 71 of pc 
expected keysym, got XF86KbdBrightnessUp: line 72 of pc 
FreeFontPath: FPE "/usr/share/fonts/X11/misc" refcount is 2, should be 1; fixing. 
Checking acpi hot plug done 
Starting VMware Tools services in the virtual machine: 
Switching to guest configuration: done 
Guest filesystem driver: done 
Mounting HGFS shares: failed 
Guest memory manager: done 
Guest vmxnet fast network device: done 
VM communication interface: done 
VM communication interface socket family: done 
Blocking file system: done 
File system sync driver: done 
Guest operating system daemon: done 
Virtual Printing daemon: done 

The configuration of VMware Tools 6.5.0 build-118166 for Linux for this running 
kernel completed successfully. 

You must restart your X session before any mouse or graphics changes take 
effect. 

You can now run VMware Tools by invoking the following command: 
"/usr/bin/vmware-toolbox" during an X server session. 

To enable advanced X features (e.g., guest resolution fit, drag and drop, and 
file and text copy/paste), you will need to do one (or more) of the following: 
1. Manually start /usr/bin/vmware-user 
2. Log out and log back into your desktop session; and, 
3. Restart your X session. 

To use the vmxnet driver, restart networking using the following commands: 
/etc/init.d/networking stop 
rmmod pcnet32 
rmmod vmxnet 
modprobe vmxnet 
/etc/init.d/networking start 

If the virtual printer feature is enabled, you will need to restart the CUPS 
service to make use of this feature. 

Enjoy, 

--the VMware team 

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